1800s – Claude Bernard

The 19th Century French physiologist Claude Bernard, hailed as one of history’s prominent scientists, contributed to numerous fields of research, including originating the concept of homeostasis and the notion of  ‘blinding’ experiments. He was also an avid vivisectionist whose discoveries would help advance knowledge of the digestive system, the workings of the pancreas and liver, as […]

May 27th, 2014|Timeline, TL_Social|Comments Off

1655 – Edmund O’Meera: Unnatural State

The first public questioning of the validity of vivisection on medical grounds occurred in the 16th and 17th centuries. Notably, the Irish physician Edmund O’Meara who stated that ‘the miserable torture of vivisection places the body in an unnatural state’…wherein…’all the juices are brought to flow together’ thus contradicting the results of the experimentation. This […]

May 27th, 2014|Timeline, TL_Social|Comments Off

130-216 – Galen of Rome: Exploratory Surgery

During the height of the Roman Empire it became clear to ancient physicians that in order to better understand how natural systems work; they must be studied in their living states. That is, through the process of vivisection, from the Latin words vivus (living) and sectio (cutting), researchers would have to operate on living animals […]

May 27th, 2014|Timeline, TL_Social|Comments Off