replacement

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1978 – First human stem cells discovered

Stem cell research shifted to humans in 1978 when Dr Gregor Pindull published findings of haematopoietic stem cells (HSCs) in human cord blood. Previous work had been able to identify similar cells in other mammalian species. This was the first observation of human stem cells that would give rise to similar cells and signalled an [...]

May 27th, 2014|Timeline, TL_Alternatives|Comments Off on 1978 – First human stem cells discovered

1960 – First use of video to replace live animals in education

In 1960 the University of California produced a seven minute instructional video for students demonstrating the steps of anaphylaxis using a single guinea pig. Although the video depicts the full anaphylactic process, ultimately resulting in fatality, the use of video technology provided the University with the opportunity to save dozens of guinea pigs that would have [...]

May 27th, 2014|Timeline, TL_Alternatives|Comments Off on 1960 – First use of video to replace live animals in education