Law

2013 – Cosmetics testing on animals banned in EU

March 2013 saw the European Union pass a full ban on the sale of any and all cosmetic products that had been tested on animals. This was the result of over a decade’s work from alternatives organizations and governments in cooperation with cosmetics companies to prevent the distribution of unregulated and unethical products. This highlights […]

May 27th, 2014|Timeline, TL_legislation|Comments Off

2010 – European Union agrees on Directive 63/2010/EU

Europe-wide regulation of animals used for scientific purposes made a significant advancement with the adoption of Directive 63/2010/EU in September of 2010. The new directive improved on the previous one, Directive 86/609/EEC, by removing many of the discrepancies in protocols between European nations that often lead to quite obviously varying levels of protection for the […]

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1991 – LD50 test banned

The highly controversial Median Lethal Dose Test, or LD50, was developed by J. W. Trevan in 1927 as a means to determine characteristics in acute toxicity. However, due to the necessity to terminate large numbers of test subjects as a requisite of the test it received heavy criticism. In 1991 the UK Government decided upon […]

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1991 – Formation of ECVAM

In 1991 the European Union conceptualised the European Centre for the Validation of Alternative Methods (ECVAM) and, under the stewardship of Michael Balls, became an operational research unit in 1992. Based in Ispra, Italy ECVAM’s ‘main goal is to promote the scientific and regulatory acceptance of alternative methods which are of importance to the biosciences […]

May 27th, 2014|Timeline, TL_Social|Comments Off

1986 – Animals (Scientific Procedures) Act passed in UK

The United Kingdom would take a major step forward in 1986 when it replaced the Cruelty to Animals Act of 1887 with the Animals (Scientific Procedures) Act. Distinguishing itself from the original Act, ASPA was implemented to specifically regulate the use of animals for research purposes. Under the direction of the Home Office, ASPA clearly […]

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1966 – Animal Welfare Act passed in USA

The United States is one of the world’s prominent users of animals for experimental testing. A crucial moment for alternatives occurred in 1966 when the US passed the Animal Welfare Act, which, to this day, is the primary legislation in America regulating the transport, sale, and handling of animals intended to be used for research […]

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1876 – Cruelty to Animals Act passed in UK

In 1876 the UK passed the Cruelty to Animals Act, which directly highlighted the practice of using animals as test subjects, and outlined prosecution for those considered to be unlawfully experimenting. Key points of the Act include the importance for researchers to define the necessity for the use of animals as well as proper care […]

May 27th, 2014|Timeline, TL_legislation|Comments Off

1822 – First piece of law passed in UK specific to the protection of animals

The Cruel Treatment of Cattle Act, also referred to as Martin’s Act, was the first piece of animal welfare legislation passed by the United Kingdom Parliament. The act was put in place to prevent the cruel treatment of cattle, ox, cow, heifer, steer and sheep. Although it can be argued that this law was introduced because […]

May 27th, 2014|Timeline, TL_legislation|Comments Off