EU

2013 – Cosmetics testing on animals banned in EU

March 2013 saw the European Union pass a full ban on the sale of any and all cosmetic products that had been tested on animals. This was the result of over a decade’s work from alternatives organizations and governments in cooperation with cosmetics companies to prevent the distribution of unregulated and unethical products. This highlights […]

May 27th, 2014|Timeline, TL_legislation|Comments Off

2010 – European Union agrees on Directive 63/2010/EU

Europe-wide regulation of animals used for scientific purposes made a significant advancement with the adoption of Directive 63/2010/EU in September of 2010. The new directive improved on the previous one, Directive 86/609/EEC, by removing many of the discrepancies in protocols between European nations that often lead to quite obviously varying levels of protection for the […]

May 27th, 2014|Timeline, TL_legislation|Comments Off

2000- 3T3 Neutral Red Uptake (NRU) Phototoxicity Assay

In vitro phototoxicity tests measure skin irritation responses to agents without the need for an immune response.  This is accomplished by comparing the capacity for cell cultures to display a dye that is visible under UVA light in the presence or absence of the cytotoxic compound in question.  Such tests replace the need to test substances […]

June 26th, 2014|Timeline, TL_Alternatives|Comments Off

1991 – Formation of ECVAM

In 1991 the European Union conceptualised the European Centre for the Validation of Alternative Methods (ECVAM) and, under the stewardship of Michael Balls, became an operational research unit in 1992. Based in Ispra, Italy ECVAM’s ‘main goal is to promote the scientific and regulatory acceptance of alternative methods which are of importance to the biosciences […]

May 27th, 2014|Timeline, TL_Social|Comments Off

A ‘road map’ toward ending severe suffering of laboratory animals

The RSPCA has drawn up a plan that aims to end severe suffering for animals used in research and testing.  The road-map has been released in response to changes in EU and UK legislation and has been published in FRAME’s scientific journal ATLA.

Until now scientists have not been required to record how many test animals […]

September 30th, 2014|News, Press|Comments Off