Three Rs

2010 – European Union agrees on Directive 63/2010/EU

Europe-wide regulation of animals used for scientific purposes made a significant advancement with the adoption of Directive 63/2010/EU in September of 2010. The new directive improved on the previous one, Directive 86/609/EEC, by removing many of the discrepancies in protocols between European nations that often lead to quite obviously varying levels of protection for the […]

May 27th, 2014|Timeline, TL_legislation|Comments Off

1969 – FRAME founded

FRAME was founded and registered as a charity in 1969 by Dorothy Hegarty in Wimbledon, London. Since then, FRAME has moved to its current office in Nottingham in 1981 and established the FRAME Alternatives Laboratory at the University of Nottingham in 1991. The first issue of FRAME’s peer-reviewed international science journal Alternatives to Laboratory Animals (ALTA) […]

May 27th, 2014|Timeline, TL_Social|Comments Off

1959 – Russell and Burch publish The Principles

The Principles of Humane Experimental Technique written by W.M.S. Russell and R.L. Burch in 1959 is arguably the most influential moment in alternatives to the use of animals in experimentation history. Although it had little impact when it was first published, the book, and the concepts introduced by Russell and Burch, would prove to be exceptionally important […]

May 27th, 2014|Timeline, TL_Social|Comments Off