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The Journal


Alternatives to Laboratory Animals - ATLA

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Papers List

List of papers, year 2002

Festing, M.F.W. and Altman, D.   Guidelines for the design and statistical analysis of experiments using laboratory animals.    Ilar Journal, 43(4), 244-458 (2002).   [Abstract]   [pdf]

Festing, M.F.W.   Introduction: the design and statistical analysis of animal experiments.    Ilar Journal, 43(4), 191-193, (2002).   [Abstract]   [pdf]

Shaw, R., Festing, M.F.W., Peers, I. and Furlong, L.   Use of factorial designs to optimize animal experiments and reduce animal.    Ilar Journal, 43(4), 223-232 (2002).   [Abstract]   [pdf]

Smith, D., Broadhead, C., Descotes, G., Fosse, R., Hack, R., Krauser, K., Pfister, R., Phillips, B., Rabemampianina, Y., Sanders, J., Sparrow, S., Stephan-Gueldner, M. and Dyring Jacobsen, S.    Preclinical safety evaluation using nonrodent species: an industry/welfare project to minimize dog use.    ILAR Journal 43(Suppl.), S39-S42 (2002).   [Abstract]   [pdf]

Orr, S., Alexandre, E., Clark, B., Combes, R., M. Fels, L.M., Gray,N., Jönsson-Rylander, A-C., Helin, H., Koistinen,J., Oinonen, T., Richert, L., Ravid, R., Salonen, J., Teesalu, T., Thasler, W., Trafford, J., van der Valk, J., von Versen, R., Weiss, T., Womack, C. and Ylikomi, T.    The establishment of a network of European human research tissue banks.    Cell and Tissue Banking, 3(20, 133-137 (2002).   [Abstract]   [Purchase from publisher]

Morris, T., Goulet, S. and MortonD.    The international symposium on regulatory testing and animal welfare: recommendations on best scientific practices for animal care in regulatory toxicology.    ILAR Journal, 43(Suppl.), S123-S125 (2002)   [Abstract]   [pdf]

Eisenbrand, G., Pool-Zobel, B., Baker, V., Balls, M., Blaauboer, B.J., Boobis, A., Carere, A., Kevekordes, S., Lhuguenot, J-C., Pieters, R. and Kleiner, J.   Methods of in vitro toxicology.    Food and Chemical Toxicology, 40(2-3), 193-236 (2002).   [Abstract]   [Purchase from publisher]

Combes, R., Schechtman, L., Stokes, W.S. and Blakey, D.    The international symposium on regulatory testing and animal welfare: recommendations on best scientific practices for subchronic/chronic toxicity and carcinogenicity testing.    ILAR Journal, 43(Supp.), S112-S117 (2002).   [Abstract]   [pdf]

Balls, M.    Future improvements: replacement in vitro methods.    ILAR Journal, 43(Suppl.), S69-S73   [Abstract]   [pdf]

L’Huillier, N., Pratten, M.K. and Clothier, R.H.   The relative embryotoxicity of 1,3-dichloro-2-propanol on primary chick embryonic cells.    Toxicology in Vitro, 16(4), 433-442 (2002).   [Abstract]   [Purchase from publisher]

Hammond, A.H., Garle, M.J., Sooriakumaran, P. and Fry, J.R.   Modulation of hepatocyte thiol content by medium composition: implications for toxicity studies.    Toxicology in Vitro, 16(3), 259-265 (2002).   [Abstract]   [Purchase from publisher]

Balls, M   Replacing animal experimentation: not a question of if, but when, and by what route?    ATLA, 30, 147–148 (2002).   [Abstract]    [PDF]

Balls, M.   Alternatives to animal experiments: "Goodbye ECVAM, hello FRAME".    ATLA, 30, 261-262 (2002).   [Abstract]    [PDF]

Balls, M.   The establishment of ECVAM and its progress since 1993.    ATLA, 30(Suppl. 2), 5-11 (2002).   [Abstract]    [PDF]

Bottrill, K.   Information: needs for the future.    ATLA, 30(Suppl. 2), 145-149 (2002).   [Abstract]    [PDF]

Bottrill, K.   The new scientist and primate research: the strange case of Dr Jekyll and Mr Hyde?    ATLA, 30, 565-566 (2002).   [Abstract]    [PDF]

Combes, R.   The EU White Paper: strategy for a future chemicals policy (an idea that must have seemed good at the time!).    ATLA, 30, 1-3 (2002).   [Abstract]    [PDF]

Combes, R.D. and Balls, M.   Comments on the report of the House of Lords Select Committee on animals in scientific procedures.    ATLA, 30, 605-615 (2002).   [Abstract]    [PDF]

Combes, R., Balls, M., Bansil, L., Barratt, M., Bell, D., Botham, P., Broadhead, C., Clothier, R., George, E., Fentem, J., Jackson, M., Indans, I., Loizou, G., Navaratnam, V., Pentreath, V., Phillips, B., Stemplewski, H. and Stewart, J.   An assessment of progress in the use of alternatives in toxicity testing since the publication of the report of the second FRAME Toxicity Committee (1991).    ATLA, 30, 365-406 (2002).   [Abstract]    [PDF]

Combes, R.D.   The ECVAM Workshops: A critical assessment of their impact on the development, validation and acceptance of alternative methods.    ATLA, 30(Suppl. 2), 151-165 (2002).   [Abstract]    [PDF]

Clothier, R.   ECVAM's collaboration with academia.    ATLA, 30(Suppl. 2), 175-183 (2002).   [Abstract]    [PDF]

Halder, M., Balls, M., Hendriksen, C. and Cussler, K.   ECVAM\'s activities on biologicals.    ATLA, 30(Suppl. 2), 125-128 (2002).   [Abstract]    [PDF]

Hartung, T., Balls, M., Bardouille, C., Blanck, O., Coecke, S., Gstraunthaler, G. and Lewis, D.   Good cell culture practice ECVAM good cell culture practice Task Force Report 1.    ATLA, 30, 407–414 (2002).   [Abstract]    [PDF]

Jenkins, E.S., Broadhead, C. and Combes, R.D.   The implications of microarray technology for animal use in scientific research.    ATLA, 30, 459–465 (2002).   [Abstract]    [PDF]

Jenkins, E.S. and Combes, R.D.   A critique of the Animal Procedures Committee report on biotechnology.    ATLA, 30, 131–134 (2002).   [Abstract]    [PDF]

Worth, A.P. and Balls, M.   The principles of validation and the ECVAM validation process.    ATLA, 30(Supp. 2), 1-21 (2002).   [Abstract]    [PDF]