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The Journal


Alternatives to Laboratory Animals - ATLA

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Papers List

List of papers, year 2002

Rispin, A., Farrar, D., Margosches, E., Gupta, K., Stitzel, K., Carr, G., Greene, M., Meyer, W. and McCall, D.   Alternative methods for the median lethal dose (LD50) test: the up-and-down procedure for acute oral toxicity.    Ilar Journal, 43(4), 233-243 (2002).   [Abstract]   [pdf]

Salmeron, B.J. and Stein, E.A.   Pharmacological applications of magnetic resonance imaging.    Psychopharmacology Bulletin, 36(1), 102-129 (2002).   [Abstract]   [pdf]

Smith, D., Broadhead, C., Descotes, G., Fosse, R., Hack, R., Krauser, K., Pfister, R., Phillips, B., Rabemampianina, Y., Sanders, J., Sparrow, S., Stephan-Gueldner, M. and Dyring Jacobsen, S.    Preclinical safety evaluation using nonrodent species: an industry/welfare project to minimize dog use.    ILAR Journal 43(Suppl.), S39-S42 (2002).   [Abstract]   [pdf]

Eisenbrand, G., Pool-Zobel, B., Baker, V., Balls, M., Blaauboer, B.J., Boobis, A., Carere, A., Kevekordes, S., Lhuguenot, J-C., Pieters, R. and Kleiner, J.   Methods of in vitro toxicology.    Food and Chemical Toxicology, 40(2-3), 193-236 (2002).   [Abstract]   [Purchase from publisher]

Balls, M.    Future improvements: replacement in vitro methods.    ILAR Journal, 43(Suppl.), S69-S73   [Abstract]   [pdf]

Balls, M   Replacing animal experimentation: not a question of if, but when, and by what route?    ATLA, 30, 147148 (2002).   [Abstract]    [PDF]

Balls, M.   The establishment of ECVAM and its progress since 1993.    ATLA, 30(Suppl. 2), 5-11 (2002).   [Abstract]    [PDF]

Combes, R.D.   The ECVAM Workshops: A critical assessment of their impact on the development, validation and acceptance of alternative methods.    ATLA, 30(Suppl. 2), 151-165 (2002).   [Abstract]    [PDF]

Clothier, R.   ECVAM's collaboration with academia.    ATLA, 30(Suppl. 2), 175-183 (2002).   [Abstract]    [PDF]

Halder, M., Balls, M., Hendriksen, C. and Cussler, K.   ECVAM\'s activities on biologicals.    ATLA, 30(Suppl. 2), 125-128 (2002).   [Abstract]    [PDF]

Hartung, T., Balls, M., Bardouille, C., Blanck, O., Coecke, S., Gstraunthaler, G. and Lewis, D.   Good cell culture practice ECVAM good cell culture practice Task Force Report 1.    ATLA, 30, 407414 (2002).   [Abstract]    [PDF]

Worth, A.P. and Balls, M.   The principles of validation and the ECVAM validation process.    ATLA, 30(Supp. 2), 1-21 (2002).   [Abstract]    [PDF]