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Botulinum toxin testing in animals: the questions remain unanswered.


Balls, M.

ATLA, 31, 611615 (2003).

Questions are raised concerning the testing of botulinum toxin in animals, and the British Government’s answers to Parliamentary Questions on this issue are reviewed, with an emphasis on then potential for reducing, refining and replacing the animal tests, which can involve substantial severity, and on the responsibility of the Home Office so see that the Three Rs approach is fully applied in this specific case.