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Animal experimentation and the Three Rs: why truth matters

Balls, M.

ATLA, 35, 451-452 (2007)

On 24 September 2007, I had the honour of giving a mid-dinner speech at the Normandie Farm Restaurant, Potomac, MD, USA, during celebrations to mark the 10th Anniversary of the Institute for In Vitro Sciences (IIVS). I recalled that, on a similar occasion, nearly 10 years earlier, then to mark the establishment of the Institute by Rodger Curren, John Harbel and Erin Hill, I had spelled out certain challenges for them. These were that, in addition to applying their considerable expertise and experience with a genuine commitment to the maintenance of the highest scientific standards in the development and application of in vitro test procedures, their new Institute should operate internationally, with an awareness of what is going on outside the borders of the USA, and they should take care to offer uniqueness, something special and distinctive that nobody else could offer.