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Basic concepts in statistics for veterinary ophthalmologists.

Montiani-Ferreira, F., Cardoso, F.F. and Petersen-Jones, S.

Veterinary Ophthalmology, 7(2), 79-85 (2004).

This review article provides a comprehensive coverage of basic statistical procedures commonly used in biologic experiments and is intended to be a basic guide to the selection of appropriate tests and also to aid the reader in the evaluation of published studies. The focus is on the use, interpretation and presentation of the main statistical tests and their key concepts for the practicing veterinary ophthalmologist. Several examples derived from actual ophthalmic research are presented in the text. Lastly, the article discusses computer-based statistical analysis, provides a list of different software available and gives a practical example of a 'real life' statistical analysis.