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The Journal


Alternatives to Laboratory Animals - ATLA

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Instructions to Authors



Manuscripts of articles or short notes should be in English, typewritten and double-spaced. The original plus two complete copies should be sent to the appropriate associate editor. Email submissions can be made to atla@frame.org.uk.

Submitted articles will be considered by the relevant associate editor and evaluated by a minimum of two expert referees before acceptance.


Brief pertinent comments on published articles, on matters of general interest or on conferences are also welcomed and will be considered for publication. They should be sent to the ATLA Editorial Office, Russell & Burch House, 96–98 North Sherwood
Street, Nottingham NG1 4EE, UK.


Authors should indicate any conflicts of interest with members of the editorial board.


Authors from UK and non-European countries:

Susan Trigwell
FRAME, Russell & Burch House
96-98 North Sherwood Street
Nottingham NG1 4EE, UK

Authors from Europe

Horst Spielmann
Faculty of Biology, Chemistry and Pharmacy
Freie Universität Berlin

Submitted articles will be considered by the relevant Associate Editors and evaluated by a minimum of two expert referees before acceptance.


The title page must indicate the title of the article, author(s) first and last names (without degrees or titles), affiliation,present address and address for sending proofs (if different). An e-mail address and fax number should also be given. The manuscript should normally contain the following sections:
a) Summary (up to 200 words + key words)

b) Introduction

c) Materials/methods/procedures

d) Results

e) Discussion

f) Conclusions

g) Acknowledgements

h) References

i) Tables

j) Figures

Total length

Articles should normally contain 2000–3500 words. Review articles may be longer (up to about 4500 words).



References should be numbered in the text in order of appearance. The reference list should be in order of citation, with references that are cited only in tables and figures being placed at the end. All references should include the full title of the article or chapter, together with the first and last page numbers. The total number of pages should be given when a whole book is cited. Journal names should be given in full. For multi-author volumes, the name(s) of the editor(s) should be given, plus the volume number (where appropriate). Book references should include the city of publication, date of publication and name of publisher.


1. Stryer, L. (1975). Biochemistry, 2nd edn, 877pp. San Francisco, CA, USA: W.H. Freeman.

2. Bloemendel, H. (1981). The lens proteins. In Molecular and Cellular Biology of the Eye Lens (ed. H. Schmidt), pp. 189–220. New York, NY, USA: J. Wiley & Sons.

3. Harris, J.E., Gehrsitz, L.B. & Nordquist, L. (1953). The in vitro reversal of the lenticular cation shift induced by cold or calcium deficiency. American Journal of Ophthalmology 36, 39–50.

4. Ekwall, B. (1997). The EDIT Programme. Available at: http://www.ctlu.se. När, Sweden: CTLU (Accessed 01.02.01).

N.B. "Personal communications", "unpublished observations", articles "in preparation" or "submitted" should be given in the text and not in the reference list. Articles accepted for publication, however, may be cited as being "in press", naming the journal or book and giving all available details.

Abbreviations and units

Abbreviations and units. Standard dictionary abbreviations are generally accepted. Other abbreviations should be explained in parentheses when first mentioned. No plurals or full stops should be used (for example g for gramme, ml for millilitre and so


SI units are preferred.


Tables and Figures

Where possible, data should be presented clearly and precisely in tabular form. Both tables and figures should be intelligible without reference to the text and should be planned to fit one or two column widths (83mm or 173mm portrait; 247mm landscape).

Tables should be typed double-spaced on separate pages and be numbered consecutively and referred to in the text by number (Table 1, 2, etc). All tables and figures should be titled, footnotes should be indicated by superscript lower-case letters. Illustrations and diagrams should be kept to a minimum and numbered consecutively (Figure 1, 2, etc).

Figures should be drawn well enough for reproduction (+ 2 photocopies for the referees), and tables of raw data should also be provided.

Figures should be sufficiently clear to withstand photographic reduction.

Full details of how figures should be presented can be found in this document. (Instructions for Authors 2010)


Special requirements

If the study used monoclonal antibodies, the report should mention how these were produced.


Experimental Design and Statistics

The experimental design and statistics should conform to “Guidelines for the Design and Statistical Analysis of Experiments in Papers Submitted to ATLA" (ATLA, 29, 427–446, 2001).

View full paper in pdf format (The file will open in a new window when you click on the link. Alternatively, right click and select "save target" to download the file to your computer )


Authors will receive a copy of their paper in pdf format free of charge. Offprints will be supplied at cost, if ordered when proofs are returned.

Reproduction of illustrations

Authors of articles published in ATLA may re-use, without specifically applying for permission, any tables, figures or other illustrations first published in ATLA, provided that their original source is acknowledged in the new publication.


Download PiLAS Instructions to Authors here