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Alternatives to Laboratory Animals - ATLA

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The Three Rs and the Humanity Criterion

Fifty years after the original publication, a revised and updated version of The Principles of Humane Experimental Technique,  by WMS Russell and RL Burch is being published.

The new edition is called The Three Rs and the Humanity Criterion, a title taken from the text of the original version.  The book is shorter and has had its language modernised to make it more up to date and easier to read.   


With permission from Cleo Paskal, Literary Executor and now owner of copyright, it has been edited and abridged by FRAME Chairman Michael Balls who said: “When I read the book, I found some of its passages so astounding that I have had to read them over and over again.   


“Some of the words and expressions used, though undoubtedly elegant, are not easily understood. So I wondered if I could do something to help to make The Principles more readily accessible to readers whose first language is not English.”


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