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Alternatives to Laboratory Animals - ATLA

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ATLA Volume 37, No 3

June 2009


Michael Balls
Editorial: Animal Experimentation and the Three Rs: Time for Honest Answers to Some Leading Questions    [ PDF ]

News & Views  [ Abstract ]   [ PDF ]

ECVAM News & Views  [ Abstract ]   [ PDF ]

Michael Balls
Preface: Special Anniversary Volume Issue 3: The Three Rs  [ Abstract ]   [ PDF ]

Sebastien Farnaud
The Evolution of the Three Rs  [ Abstract ]   [ PDF ]

Michael Balls
The Origins and Early Days of the Three Rs Concept  [ Abstract ]   [ PDF ]

W.M.S. Russell & R.L. Burch
Prefatory Note(a)  [ Abstract ]   [ PDF ]

Rex L. Burch
The Progress of Humane Experimental Technique Since 1959: A Personal View  [ Abstract ]   [ PDF ]

William M.S. Russell
The Progress of Humane Experimental Technique - The First Annual FRAME Lecture, presented at the Royal Society of Medicine, London, on 24 September 1999   [ Abstract ]   [ PDF ]

Prepared by the Executive Committee of the Congress
Background to the Three Rs Declaration of Bologna, as Adopted by the 3rd World Congress on Alternatives and Animal Use in the Life Sciences, Bologna, Italy, on 31 August 1999  [ Abstract ]   [ PDF ]

Lise Houde, Claude Dumas and Thérèse Leroux
Ethics: Views from IACUC Members  [ Abstract ]   [ PDF ]

Marlies Leenaars, Bart Savenije, Anne Nagtegaal, Lilian van der Vaart and Merel Ritskes-Hoitinga
Assessing the Search for and Implementation of the Three Rs: A Survey among Scientists  [ Abstract ]   [ PDF ]

Silvia Casati, Pierre Aeby, Ian Kimber, Gavin Maxwell, Jean Marc Ovigne, Erwin Roggen, Costanza Rovida, Luca Tosti and David Basketter
Selection of Chemicals for the Development and Evaluation of In Vitro Methods for Skin Sensitisation Testing  [ Abstract ]   [ PDF ]

Philip Marx-Stoelting, Els Adriaens, Hans-Jürgen Ahr, Susanne Bremer, Bernward Garthoff, Heinz-Peter Gelbke, Aldert Piersma, Cristian Pellizzer,4Ulrike Reuter, Vera Rogiers, Barbara Schenk, Silke Schwengberg, Andrea Seiler, Horst Spielmann, Margino Steemans, Donald B. Stedman, Philippe Vanparys, Joan Albert Vericat, Miriam Verwei, Femke van de Water, Marc Weimer and Michael Schwarz
A Review of the Implementation of the Embryonic Stem Cell Test (EST) - The report and recommendations of an ECVAM/ReProTect Workshop  [ Abstract ]   [ PDF ]

Book Reviews  [ Abstract ]   [ PDF ]