Home banner
Divider
A-Z Index

Quick way to the find the information that you need...

More button
Register with FRAME

Although you do not need to register, any information you provide will be confidential and used only by FRAME to improve the website

Register button
Account Login
Forgot password?

ATLA - ISI
The Journal

 

Alternatives to Laboratory Animals - ATLA

Download latest issue button Download back issues button Subscribe to ATLA
Contact Us

Tel icon

Tel: +44 (0)115 9584740


Tel icon

Fax: +44 (0)115 9503570

Make an Enquiry

The Effects of Selected Phenol and Phthalate Derivatives on Steroid Hormone Production by Cultured Porcine Granulosa Cells


Alzbeta Mlynarcíková, Mária Ficková and Sona Scsuková

We have investigated the effects of several phenols (octylphenol [OP], nonylphenol [NP], tertoctylphenol [tOP]) and phthalates (dioctylphthalate [DOP], diisodecylphthalate [DiDP], diisononylphthalate [DiNP]) on steroid hormone production by porcine ovarian granulosa cells after a 72-hour incubation. These chemicals are widely used as plasticisers and are suspected to possess endocrine disrupting properties. No changes were exhibited in basal progesterone production after treatment with NP or tOP, or with the tested phthalates. However, OP tended to decrease progesterone levels, while DOP and DiDP, at the lowest concentration used (10–8M), increased progesterone levels in the culture media. Neither of the tested phenols affected follicle stimulating hormone (FSH)-stimulated progesterone production, except for OP and NP at 10–4M, which decreased progesterone levels. The phthalates, tested at higher concentrations, were able to amplify FSH-stimulated progesterone release into the culture medium. An inhibitory action on oestradiol production by porcine granulosa cells was observed after the treatment with both groups of test chemicals. The results obtained in the experiments on primary granulosa cell cultures indicate that ovarian steroidogenesis might be one of the possible sites affected by the endocrine disrupting actions of phenols and phthalates.