Alternatives to the Use of Animals in Higher Education The Report and Recommendations of ECVAM Workshop 33
Jan van der Valk, David Dewhurst, Ian Hughes, Jeffrey Atkinson, Jonathan Balcombe, Hans Braun, Karin Gabrielson, Franz Gruber, Jeremy Miles, Jan Nab, Jason Nardi, Henk van Wilgenburg, Ursula Zinko and Joanne Zurlo
This is the report of the thirty-third of a series of workshops organised by the European Centre for the Validation of Alternative Methods (ECVAM). The workshop on Alternatives to the Use of Animals in Higher Education was held at the Conference Centre of the Mediterranean Agronomic Institute of Chania, Crete, Greece, on 8–10 May 1998, under the chairmanship of Jan van der Valk (Netherlands Centre Alternatives to Animal Use [NCA], Utrecht, The Netherlands). It was organised by Jan van der Valk, David Dewhurst (Leeds Metropolitan University, UK) and Ian Hughes (University of Leeds, UK), as an initiative of the NCA Working Group on Education. Fifteen participants from eight countries attended the workshop, which was the first official meeting of experts involved in developing, using and evaluating animal free models for educational purposes and promoting the use of these alternatives.