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Alternatives to Laboratory Animals - ATLA

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The Establishment of ECVAM and its Progress Since 1993

Michael Balls

The background to the establishment of ECVAM in 1991 is summarised, and progress made since 1993 is briefly reviewed in relation to 12 recommendations made at the ECVAM Opening Symposium in 1994 and to statements on tests for chemicals and biologicals endorsed by the ECVAM Scientific Advisory Committee since 1997.