How Can We Encourage Teachers to Use Computer-based Alternatives: The UK Higher Education Experience
Computer-assisted learning (CAL) programs, which are now widely available, have the potential to make a significant contribution to reducing the use of animals in teaching, particularly in pharmacology and physiology. A number of databases exist to support teachers in finding information about potential alternatives. The evidence from a number of evaluative studies is that computer programs that provide a virtual simulation of an animal lab can achieve many of the teaching and learning objectives for many students at least as effectively as the live experience. However, the key to reducing animal use is persuading teachers to integrate the alternatives into mainstream practice. Proven strategies to facilitate this process are described.