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Effective Policies in the Animal Genomics Era: How Best to Involve Ethics, Expertise and the Public

Lino Enrique Paula

Genomics will have a significant impact on animal use in life science research. Together with related developments such as animal biotechnology, it also raises ethical issues that have to be addressed by society. Societal demands for regulatory accountability and transparency make it very unlikely that these issues can be addressed solely via current Institutional Animal Care and Use Committee (IACUC) reviews. New, more open ways of public policymaking are needed to effectively deal with these issues. Policy science can offer guidelines on how to structure such new policies. In particular, the so-called theory of policy problems sheds light on how to approach such a new development. Taking the Dutch animal biotechnology policy as an example, and keeping this theory in mind, some of the do’s and don’ts with regard to involving experts and the public in public policy will be discussed.