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Alternatives to Laboratory Animals - ATLA

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Ethics for Research Using Animals in Italy

Annamaria Passantino, Marzio Panichi, Maria Rachele Russo and Michele Passantino

The purpose of this report is to describe the legislative and ethical context in Italy regarding technology and the need for innovative research versus responsibility toward the living world. Questions regarding responsible behaviour in the use of animals for research are examined, and special attention is focused on the implementation of the Three Rs concept (reduction, refinement and replacement) and on considerations of Catholic dogma.