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Alternatives to Laboratory Animals - ATLA

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ECVAM’s Activities in Promoting the Three Rs in the Quality Control of Biologicals

Marlies Halder, Michael Balls, Coenraad Hendriksen and Klaus Cussler

This paper summarises key activities initiated and the progress achieved between April 1993 and November 2002, in promoting the Three Rs in one of ECVAM’s priority areas — the production and quality control of biologicals. These have included organising nine key workshops, financially supporting and/or participating in a number of prevalidation and/or validation studies, financial contributions and sponsorship to relevant international workshops, symposia and conferences, and financial support to the compilation of manuals, expert reports and training in test methods.