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Alternatives to Laboratory Animals - ATLA

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Plenary lecture - Guidelines for Humane Education: Alternatives to the Use of Animals in Teaching and Training

Adrian J. Smith and Karina Smith

There are few areas of animal use that are so emotive as that of their use in education. The physical presence of an animal (whether alive or dead) is a dramatic event for most students, and the effects it has will depend heavily on their previous experience with that species, their moral values and the perceived necessity of the practical. Much of the literature on this subject is highly emotive and based on relatively little data. This paper attempts to clarify the issues raised, presents an overview of the alternatives available with their strengths and weaknesses, and finally offers guidelines for humane education that take into consideration both the practical issues and the feelings of all those involved.