Home banner
A-Z Index

Quick way to the find the information that you need...

More button
Register with FRAME

Although you do not need to register, any information you provide will be confidential and used only by FRAME to improve the website

Register button
Account Login
Forgot password?

The Journal


Alternatives to Laboratory Animals - ATLA

Download latest issue button Download back issues button Subscribe to ATLA
Contact Us

Tel icon

Tel: +44 (0)115 9584740

Tel icon

Fax: +44 (0)115 9503570

Make an Enquiry

Comment: Laboratory Animal Consciousness and Feelings: Adopting the Precautionary Principle

R. Harry Bradshaw

The Oxford Companion to Philosophy states that “consciousness exists but it resists definition”, and goes on to state that “consciousness involves experience or awareness” (1). In addition, Searle has stated that “many efforts have been made to identify consciousness with some other feature such as behaviour, functional states, or neurobiological states described solely in third person neurobiological terms. All of these fail because consciousness has an irreducible subjective character which is not identical with any third feature” (2). Thus, it is not easy to define or determine the nature of consciousness.