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Three Rs Approaches in the Quality Control of Inactivated Rabies Vaccines The Report and Recommendations of ECVAM Workshop 48

Lukas Bruckner, Klaus Cussler, Marlies Halder, Jacques Barrat, Peter Castle, Karin Duchow, Donna M. Gatewood, Richard Gibert, Jan Groen, Bernhard Knapp, Robin Levis, Catherine Milne, Simon Parker, Karin Stünkel, Nico Visser and Peter Volkers

This is the report of the forty-eighth of a series of workshops organised by the European Centre for the Validation of Alternative Methods (ECVAM). The objectives of the workshop were: a) to review the current status of Three Rs (replacement, reduction, refinement) methods for the quality control of inactivated rabies vaccines; and b) to make proposals on the best way forward.