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Alternatives to Laboratory Animals - ATLA

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Editorial: The Need for Recommitment to the Three Rs and to Serving Together in the Middle Ground


Michael Balls

These are very disturbing times for those of us who advocate the orderly and progressive reduction, refinement and replacement of animal experimentation via a case-by-case evaluation of the necessity for performing animal procedures, in the light of the potential benefit which might result and the likely suffering to animals which would be involved.