Development of a Size-dependent Aerosol Deposition Model Utilising Human Airway Epithelial Cells for Evaluating Aerosol Drug Delivery
Daniel Cooney, Masha Kazantseva and Anthony J. Hickey
Aerosol delivery to the airways of the human respiratory tract, followed by absorption, constitutes an alternative route of administration for compounds unsuitable for delivery by conventional oral and parenteral routes. The target for aerosol drug delivery is the airways epithelium, i.e. tracheal, bronchial, bronchiolar and alveolar cells, which become the site of drug deposition. These epithelial layers also serve as a barrier to the penetration of inhaled material. An in vitro model for aerosol deposition and transport across epithelia in the human airways may be a good predictor of in vivo disposition. The present preliminary studies begin an investigation that blends the dynamics of aerosol delivery and the basis of an in vitro simulated lung model to evaluate the transport properties of a series of molecular weight marker compounds across human-derived bronchiolar epithelial cell monolayers. An Andersen viable cascade impactor was used as a delivery apparatus for the deposition of size-segregated particles onto monolayers of small airway epithelial cells and Calu-3 cells. It was shown that these cell layers can withstand placement in the impactor, and that permeability can be tested subsequent to removal from the impactor.