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Alternatives to Laboratory Animals - ATLA

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Physiologically-based Pharmacokinetic Modelling for the Reduction of Animal Use in the Discovery of Novel Pharmaceuticals

Simon Thomas

The challenges of physiologically-based pharmacokinetic (PBPK) modelling and approaches to replacing the use of animals, in order to determine drug pharmacokinetics, are discussed. Reference is made to the limitations of in vivo animal studies in drug discovery. In particular, the ways in which animal studies contribute to drug attrition during the post-preclinical phase of testing are considered.