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Comment:A Time to Replace Animal Models? A Clinical Perspective: Reflections on the Keynote Address

Nirmala Bhogal

The keynote address for the FRAME symposium was eloquently delivered by Professor Shervanthi Homer-Vanniasinkam. Professor Homer-Vanniasinkam, a consultant vascular surgeon and tissue engineer, reminded the audience that the major challenge faced by clinicians every single day is to find solutions to complex healthcare issues to suit a given patient. Often, the clinician has dwindling confidence in whether products which are deemed safe and effective according to animal studies, are, in fact, safe and effective for the patient at hand.