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Alternatives to Laboratory Animals - ATLA

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Abattoir-sourced Isolated Ileum from Gallus gallus domesticus as an Experimental Tool

Gaurav Kaithwas, Satya D. Sharma and Dipak K. Majumdar

A study was undertaken to determine the longevity of active muscarinic receptors on abattoir-sourced isolated ileum preparations from Gallus gallus domesticus, with a view to using the tissue as an experimental tool for functional response assays in laboratory experiments. A concentration–response curve for acetylcholine (1–256μM) was plotted, in the presence and absence of 1, 3 and 6nM atropine. In a second experiment, unknown concentrations of acetylcholine samples were determined by using an interpolation method. In this experiment, four sample concentrations were used and the calculated values were found to be almost equal to the actual values. Finally, an experiment was carried out to elucidate the effects of post-sacrifice time on the contractile response of the tissue. The results showed that the tissue maintained considerable contractile response at the 6-hour post-sacrifice time-point. Competitive antagonistic activity was observed between acetylcholine and atropine on the chicken ileum, and the pA2 value was calculated to be 9.21 by using an Arunlakshana–Schild plot. The results suggest that isolated ileum preparations of Gallus gallus domesticus, obtained from a meat abattoir, can be used as a basic experimental tool for bioassays in routine laboratory experiments. However, its potential as a research tool still needs to be confirmed.

Full text pdf 38(5), 361–366