FRAME and the Three Rs: Yesterday, Today and Tomorrow: The Eleventh FRAME Annual Lecture, the Fifth Bill Annett Lecture, presented at the Kennel Club, London, on 15 October 2009
Michael Balls and David Morton
We first met in the early 1970s, at meetings of the British Society for Developmental Biology, long before either of us had heard of FRAME. Our friendship developed during 1980–86, when DM represented the British Veterinary Association (BVA) and MB represented FRAME, in the Triple Alliance with the Committee for the Reform of Animal Experimentation (CRAE), which met to agree proposals for the reform of the Cruelty to Animals Act 1876, and which advised the Government during the drafting and passage through Parliament of the Animals (Scientific Procedures) Bill 1985. Our discussions were always challenging and stimulating, since, although we shared the common goal of reducing, refining and replacing animal experimentation wherever possible, we often disagreed deeply, though sincerely, on how that goal could be reached.