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Background to the Three Rs Declaration of Bologna, as Adopted by the 3rd World Congress on Alternatives and Animal Use in the Life Sciences, Bologna, Italy, on 31 August 1999

Prepared by the Executive Committee of the Congress

Laboratory animal procedures have made significant contributions to biomedical research in the past, as well as to the safety and efficacy evaluation of chemicals and products of various kinds. Some such use of vertebrate animals will continue for the foreseeable future, in the interests of human beings and other animals.

Full text pdf 37(3), 285–289