In 1991 the European Union conceptualised the European Centre for the Validation of Alternative Methods (ECVAM) and, under the stewardship of Michael Balls, became an operational research unit in 1992. Based in Ispra, Italy ECVAM’s ‘main goal is to promote the scientific and regulatory acceptance of alternative methods which are of importance to the biosciences and which reduce, refine, or replace the use of laboratory animals’. Over the years, ECVAM has established itself as a leader in alternatives validation and has provided an immeasurable resource for researchers across Europe.

For more information visit ECVAM’s webpage.