In 1960 the University of California produced a seven minute instructional video for students demonstrating the steps of anaphylaxis using a single guinea pig. Although the video depicts the full anaphylactic process, ultimately resulting in fatality, the use of video technology provided the University with the opportunity to save dozens of guinea pigs that would have been killed in live classroom demonstrations. This effect would then be amplified each year the video replaced the use of live guinea pigs. Subsequently, over the following decades more and more educational institutes employed the use of teaching videos in place of live demonstrations, saving countless numbers of animals. This is an effective example of a Reduction technique.
1977 1991 alternative alternatives animal experiments animal testing anti-vivisection case study cell culture cells debate EU first frame FRAME Alternatives Laboratory Fund for the Replacement of Animals in Medical Experiments genetic modification genetics gm mice Home Office human volunteers imaging in vitro Law ld50 legislation medicine molecular biology non-invasive prague protection reduction refinement replacement russell and burch skin Social stem cells The Principles of Humane Experimental Technique Three Rs timeline toxicity UK vivisection world congress